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Secrets of Carnac. Megalithic complex.

Карнак.

Carnac is the most famous megalithic ensemble of French Brittany and the world. And the French do not surprise with the menhir, Karnak amazes with the large concentration of these monuments in a small area.


The Мenhir.

Mengir is a stone pillar vertically dug into the ground. Their height varies from 0.80 to 20 meters. Menhirs standing alone are usually the tallest. "Record", was Men-er-Hroech (Stone Fairies), from Lockmariaker (Morbihan). Unfortunately it was destroyed around 1727. In its entirety, it reached 20 meters in height. And its approximate weight is estimated at 350 tons. At present, all the largest menhirs of France are in Brittany:
- menhir to Kerloas (Finistère) - 12 meters high;
- menhir in Kaelonan (Côte d'Armor) - 11.20 meters;
- menhir in Pergal (Côte d'Armor) - 10.30 meters.


Originally in the Karnak complex there were about 10 000 (!) Monuments of different sizes. Nowadays there are about 3,000 of them left. This complex of megaliths dates from the end of the third and second millennium BC. It includes three megalithic systems:



The first system is Menek. It includes the western part of the Karnak complex. Here there are 1,099 menhirs in eleven lines, a length of about 1200 meters.


The second system is Kermario. It contains about 1,000 menhirs in ten lines, 1 km long. In its southwestern part, there is also a dolmen.


The third system of Curlescans is the smallest. On its territory there are 555 menhirs in thirteen lines. Their length is 280 meters. In the west of these lines is cromlech of 39 stones. The greatest height of menhirs in Curlescane is 6.5 meters.


The dolmens.

Dolmens are usually "boxes" made up of stone slabs. Sometimes they are joined by long or short galleries. At one time they were collective burial chambers. This is evidenced by the remains of bones and vocal treasures (ceramics, ornaments, axes of polished stone).


By 5 000 BC, there were already people in these places. This is evidenced by excavated parking on the island of Oedik (Hoedic) in Morbihan. These people were engaged in hunting, fishing and collecting shellfish. When they buried the dead, they used a special ritual. With the deceased lay not only household items, but also a crown of deer horns. At that time, the sea level was about 20 meters below the modern level. The first megaliths in these places and in France as a whole began to appear from 4,500 years BC.


The purpose of menhirs.

The purpose of menhirs, which are not gravestones, remains a mystery. There are some hypotheses on their account, but they are just assumptions. Among them are the following. So there is a suggestion that menhirs pointed the way to otherworldly forces so that they could find the body of the deceased and take his soul. There is an assumption that menhirs are somehow connected with the cult of water. But how?


But there is one more hypothesis. True, it refers only to rows of stones, oriented from east to west. There is an assumption that these are attributes of the Solarian-lunar cult. Perhaps they were somehow used during the winter and summer solstice. But doubts will always exist, due to the lack of direct evidence. Archaeological finds among the rows of stones do not very clear up the situation. Here are found the remains of pottery with processed stones, and the remains of ritual bonfires. Thus, the mystery of Karnak still awaits its hour.


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